22 A good name 1 is to be chosen 2 rather than great wealth,
good favor 3 more than silver or gold.
2 The rich and the poor meet together; 4
the Lord is the creator of them both. 5
3 A shrewd person 6 sees danger 7 and hides himself,
but the naive keep right on going 8 and suffer for it. 9
4 The reward 10 for humility 11 and fearing the Lord 12
is riches and honor and life.
5 Thorns and snares 13 are in the path of the perverse,
but the one who guards himself keeps far from them.
6 Train 14 a child 15 in the way that he should go, 16
and when he is old he will not turn from it. 17
7 The rich rule over 18 the poor,
and the borrower is servant 19 to the lender.
8 The one who sows 20 iniquity will reap trouble,
and the rod of his fury 21 will end.
9 A generous person 22 will be blessed, 23
for he gives some of his food 24 to the poor.
10 Drive out the scorner 25 and contention will leave;
strife and insults will cease. 26
11 The one who loves a pure heart 27
and whose speech is gracious 28 – the king will be his friend. 29
12 The eyes of the Lord 30 guard knowledge, 31
but he overthrows the words of the faithless person. 32
13 The sluggard says, “There is a lion 33 outside!
I will be killed in the middle of the streets!” 34
14 The mouth 35 of an adulteress is like 36 a deep pit; 37
the one against whom the Lord is angry 38 will fall into it. 39
15 Folly is bound up 40 in the heart of a child, 41
but the rod of discipline 42 will drive it far from him.
16 The one who oppresses the poor to increase his own gain
and the one who gives to the rich 43 – both end up only in poverty.
The Sayings of the Wise 44
17 Incline your ear 45 and listen to the words of the wise,
and apply your heart to my instruction. 46
18 For it is pleasing if 47 you keep these sayings 48 within you,
and 49 they are ready on your lips. 50
19 So that 51 your confidence may be in the Lord,
I am making them known to you today 52 – even you.
20 Have I not written thirty sayings 53 for you,
sayings 54 of counsel and knowledge,
21 to show you true and reliable words, 55
so that you may give accurate answers 56 to those who sent you?
22 Do not exploit 57 a poor person because he is poor
and do not crush the needy in court, 58
23 for the Lord will plead their case 59
and will rob those who are robbing 60 them.
24 Do not make friends with an angry person, 61
and do not associate with a wrathful person,
25 lest you learn 62 his ways
and entangle yourself in a snare. 63
26 Do not be one who strikes hands in pledge
or who puts up security for debts.
27 If you do not have enough to pay,
your bed 64 will be taken 65 right out from under you! 66
28 Do not move an ancient boundary stone 67
which was put in place by your ancestors. 68
29 Do you see a person skilled 69 in his work?
He will take his position before kings;
he will not take his position 70 before obscure people. 71
23 When you sit down to eat with a ruler,
consider carefully 1 what 2 is before you,
2 and put a knife to your throat 3
if you possess a large appetite. 4
3 Do not crave that ruler’s 5 delicacies,
for 6 that food is deceptive. 7
4 Do not wear yourself out to become rich;
be wise enough to restrain yourself. 8
5 When you gaze upon riches, 9 they are gone,
for they surely make wings for themselves,
and fly off into the sky like an eagle! 10
6 Do not eat the food of a stingy person, 11
do not crave his delicacies;
7 for he is 12 like someone calculating the cost 13 in his mind. 14
“Eat and drink,” he says to you,
but his heart is not with you;
8 you will vomit up 15 the little bit you have eaten,
and will have wasted your pleasant words. 16
9 Do not speak in the ears of a fool, 17
for he will despise the wisdom of your words. 18
10 Do not move an ancient boundary stone,
or take over 19 the fields of the fatherless,
11 for their Protector 20 is strong;
he will plead their case against you. 21
12 Apply 22 your heart to instruction
and your ears to the words of knowledge.
13 Do not withhold discipline from a child;
even if you strike him with the rod, he will not die.
14 If you strike 23 him with the rod,
you will deliver him 24 from death. 25
15 My child, 26 if your heart is wise,
then my heart also will be glad;
16 my soul 27 will rejoice
when your lips speak what is right. 28
17 Do not let your heart envy 29 sinners,
but rather be zealous in fearing the Lord 30 all the time.
18 For surely there is a future, 31
and your hope will not be cut off. 32
19 Listen, my child, 33 and be wise,
and guide your heart on the right way.
20 Do not spend time 34 among drunkards, 35
among those who eat too much 36 meat,
21 because drunkards and gluttons become impoverished,
and drowsiness 37 clothes them with rags. 38
22 Listen to your father who begot you,
and do not despise your mother when she is old.
23 Acquire 39 truth and do not sell it –
wisdom, and discipline, and understanding.
24 The father of a righteous person will rejoice greatly; 40
whoever fathers a wise child 41 will have joy in him.
25 May your father and your mother have joy;
may she who bore you rejoice. 42
26 Give me your heart, my son, 43
and let your eyes observe my ways;
27 for a prostitute is like 44 a deep pit;
a harlot 45 is like 46 a narrow well. 47
28 Indeed, she lies in wait like a robber, 48
and increases the unfaithful 49 among men. 50
29 Who has woe? 51 Who has sorrow?
Who has contentions? Who has complaints?
Who has wounds without cause? Who has dullness 52 of the eyes?
30 Those who linger over wine,
those who go looking for mixed wine. 53
31 Do not look on the wine when it is red,
when it sparkles 54 in the cup,
when it goes down smoothly. 55
32 Afterward 56 it bites like a snake,
and stings like a viper.
33 Your eyes will see strange things, 57
and your mind will speak perverse things.
34 And you will be like one who lies down in the midst 58 of the sea,
and like one who lies down on the top of the rigging. 59
35 You will say, 60 “They have struck me, but I am not harmed!
They beat me, but I did not know it! 61
When will I awake? I will look for another drink.” 62
24 Do not envy evil people, 1
do not desire 2 to be with them;
2 for their hearts contemplate violence,
and their lips speak harm. 3
3 By 4 wisdom a house is built, 5
and through understanding it is established;
4 by knowledge its rooms are filled
with all kinds of precious and pleasing treasures.
5 A wise warrior 6 is strong, 7
and a man of knowledge makes his strength stronger;
6 for with guidance you wage your war,
and with numerous advisers there is victory. 8
7 Wisdom is unattainable 9 for a fool;
in court 10 he does not open his mouth. 11
8 The one who plans to do evil
will be called a scheming person. 12
9 A foolish scheme 13 is sin,
and the scorner is an abomination to people. 14
10 If you faint 15 in the day of trouble, 16
your strength is small! 17
11 Deliver those being taken away to death,
and hold back those slipping to the slaughter. 18
12 If you say, “But we did not know about this,”
does not the one who evaluates 19 hearts consider?
Does not the one who guards your life know?
Will he not repay each person according to his deeds? 20
13 Eat honey, 21 my child, for it is good,
and honey from the honeycomb is sweet to your taste.
14 Likewise, know 22 that wisdom is sweet 23 to your soul;
if you find it, 24 you will have a future, 25
and your hope will not be cut off.
15 Do not lie in wait like the wicked 26 against the place where the righteous live;
do not assault 27 his home.
16 Although 28 a righteous person may fall seven times, he gets up again,
but the wicked will be brought down 29 by calamity.
17 Do not rejoice when your enemy falls, 30
and when he stumbles do not let your heart rejoice,
18 lest the Lord see it, and be displeased, 31
and turn his wrath away from him. 32
19 Do not fret because of evil people
or be envious of wicked people,
20 for the evil person has no future, 33
and the lamp of the wicked will be extinguished. 34
21 Fear the Lord, my child, 35 as well as the king,
and do not associate 36 with rebels, 37
22 for suddenly their destruction will overtake them, 38
and who knows the ruinous judgment both the Lord and the king can bring? 39
Further Sayings of the Wise
23 These sayings also are from the wise:
To show partiality 40 in judgment is terrible: 41
24 The one who says to the guilty, 42 “You are innocent,” 43
peoples will curse him, and nations will denounce 44 him.
25 But there will be delight 45 for those who convict 46 the guilty, 47
and a pleasing blessing 48 will come on them.
26 Like a kiss on the lips 49
is the one who gives an honest answer.
27 Establish your work outside and get your fields ready;
afterward build 50 your house. 51
28 Do not be a witness against your neighbor without cause, 52
and do not deceive with your words. 53
29 Do not say, “I will do to him just as he has done to me;
I will pay him back 54 according to what he has done.” 55
30 I passed by the field of a sluggard,
by the vineyard of one who lacks wisdom. 56
31 I saw 57 that thorns had grown up all over it,
the ground 58 was covered with weeds,
and its stone wall was broken down.
32 When I saw this, I gave careful consideration to it; 59
I received instruction from what I saw: 60
33 “A little sleep, a little slumber,
a little folding of the hands to relax,
34 and your poverty will come like a bandit,
and your need like an armed robber.” 61