Pilate Tries to Release Jesus
19 Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged severely. 1 2 The soldiers 2 braided 3 a crown of thorns 4 and put it on his head, and they clothed him in a purple robe. 5 3 They 6 came up to him again and again 7 and said, “Hail, king of the Jews!” 8 And they struck him repeatedly 9 in the face.
4 Again Pilate went out and said to the Jewish leaders, 10 “Look, I am bringing him out to you, so that you may know that I find no reason for an accusation 11 against him.” 5 So Jesus came outside, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. 12 Pilate 13 said to them, “Look, here is the man!” 14 6 When the chief priests and their officers saw him, they shouted out, “Crucify 15 him! Crucify him!” 16 Pilate said, 17 “You take him and crucify him! 18 Certainly 19 I find no reason for an accusation 20 against him!” 7 The Jewish leaders 21 replied, 22 “We have a law, 23 and according to our law he ought to die, because he claimed to be the Son of God!” 24
8 When Pilate heard what they said, 25 he was more afraid than ever, 26 9 and he went back into the governor’s residence 27 and said to Jesus, “Where do you come from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. 10 So Pilate said, 28 “Do you refuse to speak to me? Don’t you know I have the authority 29 to release you, and to crucify you?” 30 11 Jesus replied, “You would have no authority 31 over me at all, unless it was given to you from above. Therefore the one who handed me over to you 32 is guilty of greater sin.” 33
12 From this point on, Pilate tried 34 to release him. But the Jewish leaders 35 shouted out, 36 “If you release this man, 37 you are no friend of Caesar! 38 Everyone who claims to be a king 39 opposes Caesar!” 13 When Pilate heard these words he brought Jesus outside and sat down on the judgment seat 40 in the place called “The Stone Pavement” 41 (Gabbatha in 42 Aramaic). 43 14 (Now it was the day of preparation 44 for the Passover, about noon. 45 ) 46 Pilate 47 said to the Jewish leaders, 48 “Look, here is your king!”
15 Then they 49 shouted out, “Away with him! Away with him! 50 Crucify 51 him!” Pilate asked, 52 “Shall I crucify your king?” The high priests replied, “We have no king except Caesar!” 16 Then Pilate 53 handed him over 54 to them to be crucified.
So they took Jesus, 17 and carrying his own cross 55 he went out to the place called “The Place of the Skull” 56 (called in Aramaic 57 Golgotha). 58 18 There they 59 crucified 60 him along with two others, 61 one on each side, with Jesus in the middle. 19 Pilate also had a notice 62 written and fastened to the cross, 63 which read: 64 “Jesus the Nazarene, the king of the Jews.” 20 Thus many of the Jewish residents of Jerusalem 65 read this notice, 66 because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the notice was written in Aramaic, 67 Latin, and Greek. 21 Then the chief priests of the Jews 68 said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The king of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am king of the Jews.’” 22 Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”
23 Now when the soldiers crucified 69 Jesus, they took his clothes and made four shares, one for each soldier, 70 and the tunic 71 remained. (Now the tunic 72 was seamless, woven from top to bottom as a single piece.) 73 24 So the soldiers said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but throw dice 74 to see who will get it.” 75 This took place 76 to fulfill the scripture that says, “They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they threw dice.” 77 So the soldiers did these things.
25 Now standing beside Jesus’ cross were his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 78 26 So when Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing there, he said to his mother, “Woman, 79 look, here is your son!” 27 He then said to his disciple, “Look, here is your mother!” From that very time 80 the disciple took her into his own home.
28 After this Jesus, realizing that by this time 81 everything was completed, 82 said (in order to fulfill the scripture), 83 “I am thirsty!” 84 29 A jar full of sour wine 85 was there, so they put a sponge soaked in sour wine on a branch of hyssop 86 and lifted it 87 to his mouth. 30 When 88 he had received the sour wine, Jesus said, “It is completed!” 89 Then he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. 90
31 Then, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies should not stay on the crosses on the Sabbath 91 (for that Sabbath was an especially important one), 92 the Jewish leaders 93 asked Pilate to have the victims’ legs 94 broken 95 and the bodies taken down. 96 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the two men who had been crucified 97 with Jesus, 98 first the one and then the other. 99 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced 100 his side with a spear, and blood and water 101 flowed out immediately. 35 And the person who saw it 102 has testified (and his testimony is true, and he 103 knows that he is telling the truth), 104 so that you also may believe. 36 For these things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled, “Not a bone of his will be broken.” 105 37 And again another scripture says, “They will look on the one whom they have pierced.” 106
38 After this, Joseph of Arimathea, a disciple of Jesus (but secretly, because he feared the Jewish leaders 107 ), 108 asked Pilate if he could remove the body of Jesus. Pilate 109 gave him permission, so he went and took the body away. 110 39 Nicodemus, the man who had previously come to Jesus 111 at night, 112 accompanied Joseph, 113 carrying a mixture of myrrh and aloes 114 weighing about seventy-five pounds. 115 40 Then they took Jesus’ body and wrapped it, with the aromatic spices, 116 in strips of linen cloth 117 according to Jewish burial customs. 118 41 Now at the place where Jesus 119 was crucified 120 there was a garden, 121 and in the garden 122 was a new tomb where no one had yet been buried. 123 42 And so, because it was the Jewish day of preparation 124 and the tomb was nearby, 125 they placed Jesus’ body there.
20 Now very early on the first day of the week, 1 while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene 2 came to the tomb and saw that the stone had been moved away from the entrance. 3 2 So she went running 4 to Simon Peter and the other disciple whom Jesus loved and told them, “They have taken the Lord from the tomb, and we don’t know where they have put him!” 3 Then Peter and the other disciple set out to go to the tomb. 5 4 The two were running together, but the other disciple ran faster than Peter 6 and reached the tomb first. 7 5 He bent down 8 and saw the strips of linen cloth lying there, 9 but he did not go in. 6 Then Simon Peter, who had been following him, arrived and went right into the tomb. He saw 10 the strips of linen cloth lying there, 7 and the face cloth, 11 which had been around Jesus’ head, not lying with the strips of linen cloth but rolled up in a place by itself. 12 8 Then the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, came in, and he saw and believed. 13 9 (For they did not yet understand 14 the scripture that Jesus 15 must rise from the dead.) 16
Jesus’ Appearance to Mary Magdalene
10 So the disciples went back to their homes. 11 But Mary stood outside the tomb weeping. As she wept, she bent down and looked into the tomb. 12 And she saw two angels in white sitting where Jesus’ body had been lying, one at the head and one at the feet. 13 They said 17 to her, “Woman, 18 why are you weeping?” Mary replied, 19 “They have taken my Lord away, and I do not know where they have put him!” 14 When she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, 20 but she did not know that it was Jesus.
15 Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Who are you looking for?” Because she 21 thought he was the gardener, she said to him, “Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have put him, and I will take him.” 16 Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She 22 turned and said to him in Aramaic, 23 “Rabboni” 24 (which means Teacher). 25 17 Jesus replied, 26 “Do not touch me, for I have not yet ascended to my Father. Go to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’” 18 Mary Magdalene came and informed the disciples, “I have seen the Lord!” And she told them 27 what 28 Jesus 29 had said to her. 30
Jesus’ Appearance to the Disciples
19 On the evening of that day, the first day of the week, the disciples had gathered together 31 and locked the doors 32 of the place 33 because they were afraid of the Jewish leaders. 34 Jesus came and stood among them and said to them, “Peace be with you.” 20 When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord. 35 21 So Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you. Just as the Father has sent me, I also send you.” 22 And after he said this, he breathed on them and said, 36 “Receive the Holy Spirit. 37 23 If you forgive anyone’s sins, they are forgiven; 38 if you retain anyone’s sins, they are retained.” 39
The Response of Thomas
24 Now Thomas (called Didymus), 40 one of the twelve, was not with them when Jesus came. 25 The other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he replied, 41 “Unless I see the wounds 42 from the nails in his hands, and put my finger into the wounds from the nails, and put my hand into his side, I will never believe it!” 43
26 Eight days later the disciples were again together in the house, 44 and Thomas was with them. Although the doors were locked, 45 Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you!” 27 Then he said to Thomas, “Put 46 your finger here, and examine 47 my hands. Extend 48 your hand and put it 49 into my side. Do not continue in your unbelief, but believe.” 50 28 Thomas replied to him, 51 “My Lord and my God!” 52 29 Jesus said to him, “Have you believed because you have seen me? Blessed are the people 53 who have not seen and yet have believed.” 54
30 Now Jesus performed 55 many other miraculous signs in the presence of the 56 disciples, which are not recorded 57 in this book. 58 31 But these 59 are recorded 60 so that you may believe 61 that Jesus is the Christ, 62 the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name. 63
Jesus’ Appearance to the Disciples in Galilee
21 After this 1 Jesus revealed himself again to the disciples by the Sea of Tiberias. 2 Now this is how he did so. 3 2 Simon Peter, Thomas 4 (called Didymus), 5 Nathanael 6 (who was from Cana 7 in Galilee), the sons 8 of Zebedee, 9 and two other disciples 10 of his were together. 3 Simon Peter told them, “I am going fishing.” “We will go with you,” they replied. 11 They went out and got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing.
4 When it was already very early morning, Jesus stood on the beach, but the disciples did not know that it was Jesus. 5 So Jesus said to them, “Children, you don’t have any fish, 12 do you?” 13 They replied, 14 “No.” 6 He told them, “Throw your net on the right side of the boat, and you will find some.” 15 So they threw the net, 16 and were not able to pull it in because of the large number of fish.
7 Then the disciple whom 17 Jesus loved 18 said to Peter, “It is the Lord!” So Simon Peter, when he heard that it was the Lord, tucked in his outer garment (for he had nothing on underneath it), 19 and plunged 20 into the sea. 8 Meanwhile the other disciples came with the boat, dragging the net full of fish, for they were not far from land, only about a hundred yards. 21
9 When they got out on the beach, 22 they saw a charcoal fire ready 23 with a fish placed on it, and bread. 10 Jesus said, 24 “Bring some of the fish you have just now caught.” 11 So Simon Peter went aboard and pulled the net to shore. It was 25 full of large fish, one hundred fifty-three, 26 but although there were so many, the net was not torn. 12 “Come, have breakfast,” Jesus said. 27 But none of the disciples dared to ask him, “Who are you?” because they knew it was the Lord. 13 Jesus came and took the bread and gave it to them, and did the same with the fish. 14 This was now the third time Jesus was revealed to the disciples after he was raised from the dead.
15 Then when they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, 28 do you love me more than these do?” 29 He replied, 30 “Yes, Lord, you know I love you.” 31 Jesus 32 told him, “Feed my lambs.” 16 Jesus 33 said 34 a second time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” He replied, 35 “Yes, Lord, you know I love you.” Jesus 36 told him, “Shepherd my sheep.” 17 Jesus 37 said 38 a third time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” Peter was distressed 39 that Jesus 40 asked 41 him a third time, “Do you love me?” and said, 42 “Lord, you know everything. You know that I love you.” Jesus 43 replied, 44 “Feed my sheep. 18 I tell you the solemn truth, 45 when you were young, you tied your clothes around you 46 and went wherever you wanted, but when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and others will tie you up 47 and bring you where you do not want to go.” 19 (Now Jesus 48 said this to indicate clearly by what kind of death Peter 49 was going to glorify God.) 50 After he said this, Jesus told Peter, 51 “Follow me.”
Peter and the Disciple Jesus Loved
20 Peter turned around and saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following them. 52 (This was the disciple 53 who had leaned back against Jesus’ 54 chest at the meal and asked, 55 “Lord, who is the one who is going to betray you?”) 56 21 So when Peter saw him, 57 he asked Jesus, “Lord, what about him?” 22 Jesus replied, 58 “If I want him to live 59 until I come back, 60 what concern is that of yours? You follow me!” 23 So the saying circulated 61 among the brothers and sisters 62 that this disciple was not going to die. But Jesus did not say to him that he was not going to die, but rather, “If I want him to live 63 until I come back, 64 what concern is that of yours?”
A Final Note
24 This is the disciple who testifies about these things and has written these things, and we know that his testimony is true. 25 There are many other things that Jesus did. If every one of them were written down, 65 I suppose the whole world 66 would not have room for the books that would be written. 67