23 “You must not give 2 a false report. 3 Do not make common cause 4 with the wicked 5 to be a malicious 6 witness.
2 “You must not follow a crowd 7 in doing evil things; 8 in a lawsuit you must not offer testimony that agrees with a crowd so as to pervert justice, 9 3 and you must not show partiality 10 to a poor man in his lawsuit.
4 “If you encounter 11 your enemy’s ox or donkey wandering off, you must by all means return 12 it to him. 5 If you see the donkey of someone who hates you fallen under its load, you must not ignore him, 13 but be sure to help 14 him with it. 15
6 “You must not turn away justice for your poor people in their lawsuits. 7 Keep your distance 16 from a false charge 17 – do not kill the innocent and the righteous, 18 for I will not justify the wicked. 19
8 “You must not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds those who see 20 and subverts the words of the righteous.
9 “You must not oppress 21 a foreigner, since you know the life 22 of a foreigner, for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.
10 “For six years 24 you are to sow your land and gather in its produce. 11 But in the seventh year 25 you must let it lie fallow and leave it alone so that the poor of your people may eat, and what they leave any animal in the field 26 may eat; you must do likewise with your vineyard and your olive grove. 12 For six days you are to do your work, but on the seventh day you must cease, in order that your ox and your donkey may rest and that your female servant’s son and any hired help 27 may refresh themselves. 28
13 “Pay attention to do 29 everything I have told you, and do not even mention 30 the names of other gods – do not let them be heard on your lips. 31
14 “Three times 32 in the year you must make a pilgrim feast 33 to me. 15 You are to observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread; seven days 34 you must eat bread made without yeast, as I commanded you, at the appointed time of the month of Abib, for at that time 35 you came out of Egypt. No one may appear before 36 me empty-handed.
16 “You are also to observe 37 the Feast of Harvest, the firstfruits of your labors that you have sown in the field, and the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year 38 when you have gathered in 39 your harvest 40 out of the field. 17 At 41 three times in the year all your males will appear before the Lord God. 42
18 “You must not offer 43 the blood of my sacrifice with bread containing yeast; the fat of my festal sacrifice must not remain until morning. 44 19 The first of the firstfruits of your soil you must bring to the house of the Lord your God.
“You must not cook a young goat in its mother’s milk. 45
The Angel of the Presence 46
20 “I am going to send 47 an angel 48 before you to protect you as you journey 49 and to bring you into the place that I have prepared. 50 21 Take heed because of him, and obey his voice; do not rebel against him, for he will not pardon your transgressions, for my name 51 is in him. 22 But if you diligently obey him 52 and do all that I command, then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and I will be an adversary to your adversaries. 23 For my angel will go before you and bring you to the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, and I will destroy them completely. 53
24 “You must not bow down to their gods; you must not serve them or do according to their practices. Instead you must completely overthrow them and smash their standing stones 54 to pieces. 55 25 You must serve 56 the Lord your God, and he 57 will bless your bread and your water, 58 and I will remove sickness from your midst. 26 No woman will miscarry her young 59 or be barren in your land. I will fulfill 60 the number of your days.
27 “I will send my terror 61 before you, and I will destroy 62 all the people whom you encounter; I will make all your enemies turn their backs 63 to you. 28 I will send 64 hornets before you that will drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite before you. 29 I will not drive them out before you in one year, lest the land become desolate and the wild animals 65 multiply against you. 30 Little by little 66 I will drive them out before you, until you become fruitful and inherit the land. 31 I will set 67 your boundaries from the Red Sea to the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert to the River, 68 for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand, and you will drive them out before you.
32 “You must make no covenant with them or with their gods. 33 They must not live in your land, lest they make you sin against me, for if you serve their gods, it will surely be a snare 69 to you.”
The Lord Ratifies the Covenant 1
24 But to Moses the Lord 2 said, “Come up 3 to the Lord, you and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and worship from a distance. 4 2 Moses alone may come 5 near the Lord, but the others 6 must not come near, 7 nor may the people go up with him.”
3 Moses came 8 and told the people all the Lord’s words 9 and all the decisions. All the people answered together, 10 “We are willing to do 11 all the words that the Lord has said,” 4 and Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord. Early in the morning he built 12 an altar at the foot 13 of the mountain and arranged 14 twelve standing stones 15 – according to the twelve tribes of Israel. 5 He sent young Israelite men, 16 and they offered burnt offerings and sacrificed young bulls for peace offerings 17 to the Lord. 6 Moses took half of the blood and put it in bowls, and half of the blood he splashed on the altar. 18 7 He took the Book of the Covenant 19 and read it aloud 20 to the people, and they said, “We are willing to do and obey 21 all that the Lord has spoken.” 8 So Moses took the blood and splashed it on 22 the people and said, “This is the blood of the covenant 23 that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.”
9 Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and the seventy elders of Israel went up, 24 10 and they saw 25 the God of Israel. Under his feet 26 there was something like a pavement 27 made of sapphire, clear like the sky itself. 28 11 But he did not lay a hand 29 on the leaders of the Israelites, so they saw God, 30 and they ate and they drank. 31 12 32
The Lord said to Moses, “Come up to me to the mountain and remain there, and I will give you the stone tablets 33 with 34 the law and the commandments that I have written, so that you may teach them.” 35 13 So Moses set out 36 with 37 Joshua his attendant, and Moses went up the mountain of God. 14 He told the elders, “Wait for us in this place until we return to you. Here are 38 Aaron and Hur with you. Whoever has any matters of dispute 39 can approach 40 them.”
15 Moses went up the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain. 16 The glory of the Lord resided 41 on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it for six days. 42 On the seventh day he called to Moses from within the cloud. 17 Now the appearance of the glory of the Lord was like a devouring fire on the top of the mountain in plain view 43 of the people. 18 Moses went into the cloud when he went up 44 the mountain, and Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights. 45
The Materials for the Sanctuary 1
25 The Lord spoke to Moses: 2 “Tell the Israelites to take 2 an offering 3 for me; from every person motivated by a willing 4 heart you 5 are to receive my offering. 3 This is the offering you 6 are to accept from them: gold, silver, bronze, 4 blue, 7 purple, 8 scarlet, 9 fine linen, 10 goat’s hair, 11 5 ram skins dyed red, 12 fine leather, 13 acacia 14 wood, 6 oil for the light, spices for the anointing oil and for fragrant incense, 7 onyx stones, and other gems to be set in the ephod and in the breastpiece. 8 Let them make 15 for me a sanctuary, 16 so that I may live among them. 9 According to all that I am showing you 17 – the pattern of the tabernacle 18 and the pattern of all its furnishings – you 19 must make it exactly so. 20
The Ark of the Covenant 21
10 “They are to make an ark 22 of acacia wood – its length is to be three feet nine inches, its width two feet three inches, and its height two feet three inches. 23 11 You are to overlay 24 it with pure gold – both inside and outside you must overlay it, 25 and you are to make a surrounding border 26 of gold over it. 12 You are to cast four gold rings for it and put them on its four feet, with two rings on one side and two rings on the other side. 13 You are to make poles of acacia wood, overlay them with gold, 14 and put the poles into the rings at the sides of the ark in order to carry the ark with them. 15 The poles must remain in the rings of the ark; they must not be removed from it. 16 You are to put into the ark the testimony 27 that I will give to you.
17 “You are to make an atonement lid 28 of pure gold; 29 its length is to be three feet nine inches, and its width is to be two feet three inches. 18 You are to make two cherubim 30 of gold; you are to make them of hammered metal on the two ends of the atonement lid. 19 Make 31 one cherub on one end 32 and one cherub on the other end; from the atonement lid 33 you are to make the cherubim on the two ends. 20 The cherubim are to be spreading their wings upward, overshadowing 34 the atonement lid with their wings, and the cherubim are to face each other, 35 looking 36 toward the atonement lid. 21 You are to put the atonement lid on top of the ark, and in the ark you are to put the testimony I am giving you. 22 I will meet with you there, 37 and 38 from above the atonement lid, from between the two cherubim that are over the ark of the testimony, I will speak with you about all that I will command you for the Israelites.
The Table for the Bread of the Presence 39
23 “You are to make a table of acacia wood; its length is to be three feet, its width one foot six inches, and its height two feet three inches. 24 You are to overlay it with 40 pure gold, and you are to make a surrounding border of gold for it. 25 You are to make a surrounding frame 41 for it about three inches broad, and you are to make a surrounding border of gold for its frame. 26 You are to make four rings of gold for it and attach 42 the rings at the four corners where its four legs are. 43 27 The rings are to be close to the frame to provide places 44 for the poles to carry the table. 28 You are to make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold, so that the table may be carried with them. 45 29 You are to make its plates, 46 its ladles, 47 its pitchers, and its bowls, to be used in pouring out offerings; 48 you are to make them of pure gold. 30 You are to set the Bread of the Presence 49 on the table before me continually.
31 “You are to make a lampstand 51 of pure gold. The lampstand is to be made of hammered metal; its base and its shaft, its cups, 52 its buds, and its blossoms are to be from the same piece. 53 32 Six branches are to extend from the sides of the lampstand, 54 three branches of the lampstand from one side of it and three branches of the lampstand from the other side of it. 55 33 Three cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms are to be on one branch, and three cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms are to be on the next 56 branch, and the same 57 for the six branches extending from the lampstand. 34 On the lampstand there are to be four cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms, 35 with a bud under the first 58 two branches from it, and a bud under the next 59 two branches from it, and a bud under the third 60 two branches from it, according to the six branches that extend from the lampstand. 36 Their buds and their branches will be one piece, 61 all of it one hammered piece of pure gold.
37 “You are to make its seven lamps, 62 and then set 63 its lamps up on it, so that it will give light 64 to the area in front of it. 38 Its trimmers and its trays 65 are to be 66 of pure gold. 39 About seventy-five pounds 67 of pure gold is to be used for it 68 and for all these utensils. 40 Now be sure to make 69 them according to the pattern you were shown 70 on the mountain. 71