The Victory at the Red Sea 1
14 The Lord spoke to Moses: 2 “Tell the Israelites that they must turn and camp 2 before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea; you are to camp by the sea before Baal Zephon opposite it. 3 3 Pharaoh will think 4 regarding the Israelites, ‘They are wandering around confused 5 in the land – the desert has closed in on them.’ 6 4 I will harden 7 Pharaoh’s heart, and he will chase after them. I will gain honor 8 because of Pharaoh and because of all his army, and the Egyptians will know 9 that I am the Lord.” So this is what they did. 10
5 When it was reported 11 to the king of Egypt that the people had fled, 12 the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people, and the king and his servants said, 13 “What in the world have we done? 14 For we have released the people of Israel 15 from serving us!” 6 Then he prepared 16 his chariots and took his army 17 with him. 7 He took six hundred select 18 chariots, and all the rest of the chariots of Egypt, 19 and officers 20 on all of them.
8 But the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he chased after the Israelites. Now the Israelites were going out defiantly. 21 9 The Egyptians chased after them, and all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh and his horsemen and his army overtook them camping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baal-Zephon. 10 When 22 Pharaoh got closer, 23 the Israelites looked up, 24 and there were the Egyptians marching after them, 25 and they were terrified. 26 The Israelites cried out to the Lord, 27 11 and they said to Moses, “Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the desert? 28 What in the world 29 have you done to us by bringing 30 us out of Egypt? 12 Isn’t this what we told you 31 in Egypt, ‘Leave us alone so that we can serve the Egyptians, 32 because it is better for us to serve 33 the Egyptians than to die in the desert!’” 34
13 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear! 35 Stand firm 36 and see 37 the salvation 38 of the Lord that he will provide 39 for you today; for the Egyptians that you see today you will never, ever see again. 40 14 The Lord 41 will fight for you, and you can be still.” 42
15 The Lord said to Moses, “Why do you cry out to me? Tell the Israelites to move on. 43 16 And as for you, 44 lift up your staff and extend your hand toward the sea and divide it, so that 45 the Israelites may go through the middle of the sea on dry ground. 17 And as for me, I am going to harden 46 the hearts of the Egyptians so that 47 they will come after them, that I may be honored 48 because 49 of Pharaoh and his army and his chariots and his horsemen. 18 And the Egyptians will know 50 that I am the Lord when I have gained my honor 51 because of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”
19 The angel of God, who was going before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them, and the pillar 52 of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them. 20 It came between the Egyptian camp and the Israelite camp; it was a dark cloud 53 and it lit up the night so that one camp did not come near the other 54 the whole night. 55 21 Moses stretched out his hand toward the sea, and the Lord drove the sea apart 56 by a strong east wind all that night, and he made the sea into dry land, and the water was divided. 22 So the Israelites went through the middle of the sea on dry ground, the water forming a wall 57 for them on their right and on their left.
23 The Egyptians chased them and followed them into the middle of the sea – all the horses of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen. 24 In the morning watch 58 the Lord looked down 59 on the Egyptian army 60 through the pillar of fire and cloud, and he threw the Egyptian army 61 into a panic. 62 25 He jammed 63 the wheels of their chariots so that they had difficulty driving, 64 and the Egyptians said, “Let’s flee 65 from Israel, for the Lord fights 66 for them against Egypt!”
26 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sea, so that the waters may flow 67 back on the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen!” 27 So Moses extended his hand toward the sea, and the sea returned to its normal state 68 when the sun began to rise. 69 Now the Egyptians were fleeing 70 before it, but the Lord overthrew 71 the Egyptians in the middle of the sea. 28 The water returned and covered the chariots and the horsemen and all the army of Pharaoh that was coming after the Israelites into the sea 72 – not so much as one of them survived! 73 29 But the Israelites walked on dry ground in the middle of the sea, the water forming a wall for them on their right and on their left. 30 So the Lord saved 74 Israel on that day from the power 75 of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead 76 on the shore of the sea. 31 When Israel saw 77 the great power 78 that the Lord had exercised 79 over the Egyptians, they 80 feared the Lord, and they believed in 81 the Lord and in his servant Moses. 82
15 Then Moses and the Israelites sang 2 this song to the Lord. They said, 3
“I will sing 4 to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously, 5
the horse and its rider 6 he has thrown into the sea.
2 The Lord 7 is my strength and my song, 8
and he has become my salvation.
This is my God, and I will praise him, 9
my father’s God, and I will exalt him.
3 The Lord is a warrior, 10
the Lord is his name. 11
4 The chariots of Pharaoh 12 and his army he has thrown into the sea,
and his chosen 13 officers were drowned 14 in the Red Sea.
5 The depths have covered them, 15
they went down to the bottom 16 like a stone.
6 Your right hand, O Lord, was majestic 17 in power,
your right hand, O Lord, shattered the enemy.
7 In the abundance of your majesty 18 you have overthrown 19
those who rise up against you. 20
You sent forth 21 your wrath; 22
it consumed them 23 like stubble.
8 By the blast of your nostrils 24 the waters were piled up,
the flowing water stood upright like a heap, 25
and the deep waters were solidified in the heart of the sea.
9 The enemy said, ‘I will chase, 26 I will overtake,
I will divide the spoil;
my desire 27 will be satisfied on them.
I will draw 28 my sword, my hand will destroy them.’ 29
10 But 30 you blew with your breath, and 31 the sea covered them.
They sank 32 like lead in the mighty waters.
11 Who is like you, 33 O Lord, among the gods? 34
Who is like you? – majestic in holiness, fearful in praises, 35 working wonders?
12 You stretched out your right hand,
the earth swallowed them. 36
13 By your loyal love you will lead 37 the people whom 38 you have redeemed;
you will guide 39 them by your strength to your holy dwelling place.
14 The nations will hear 40 and tremble;
anguish 41 will seize 42 the inhabitants of Philistia.
15 Then the chiefs of Edom will be terrified, 43
trembling will seize 44 the leaders of Moab,
and the inhabitants of Canaan will shake.
16 Fear and dread 45 will fall 46 on them;
by the greatness 47 of your arm they will be as still as stone 48
until 49 your people pass by, O Lord,
until the people whom you have bought 50 pass by.
17 You will bring them in 51 and plant them in the mountain 52 of your inheritance,
in the place you made 53 for your residence, O Lord,
the sanctuary, O Lord, that your hands have established.
18 The Lord will reign forever and ever!
19 For the horses of Pharaoh came with his chariots and his footmen into the sea,
and the Lord brought back the waters of the sea on them,
but the Israelites walked on dry land in the middle of the sea.”
20 Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a hand-drum in her hand, and all the women went out after her with hand-drums and with dances. 54 21 Miriam sang in response 55 to them, “Sing to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and its rider he has thrown into the sea.” 56
22 Then Moses led Israel to journey 58 away from the Red Sea. They went out to the Desert of Shur, walked for three days 59 into the desert, and found no water. 23 Then they came to Marah, 60 but they were not able to drink 61 the waters of Marah, because 62 they were bitter. 63 (That is 64 why its name was 65 Marah.)
24 So the people murmured 66 against Moses, saying, “What can 67 we drink?” 25 He cried out to the Lord, and the Lord showed him 68 a tree. 69 When Moses 70 threw it into the water, the water became safe to drink. There the Lord 71 made for them 72 a binding ordinance, 73 and there he tested 74 them. 26 He said, “If you will diligently obey 75 the Lord your God, and do what is right 76 in his sight, and pay attention 77 to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, then all 78 the diseases 79 that I brought on the Egyptians I will not bring on you, for I, the Lord, am your healer.” 80
27 Then they came to Elim, 81 where there were twelve wells of water and seventy palm trees, and they camped there by the water.
16 When 2 they journeyed from Elim, the entire company 3 of Israelites came to the Desert of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their exodus 4 from the land of Egypt. 2 The entire company 5 of Israelites murmured against Moses and Aaron in the desert. 3 The Israelites said to them, “If only we had died 6 by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by 7 the pots of meat, when we ate bread to the full, 8 for you have brought us out into this desert to kill 9 this whole assembly with hunger!”
4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “I am going to rain 10 bread from heaven for you, and the people will go out 11 and gather the amount for each day, so that I may test them. 12 Will they will walk in my law 13 or not? 5 On the sixth day 14 they will prepare what they bring in, and it will be twice as much as they gather every other day.” 15
6 Moses and Aaron said to all the Israelites, “In the evening 16 you will know that the Lord has brought you out of the land of Egypt, 7 and in the morning you will see 17 the glory of the Lord, because he has heard 18 your murmurings against the Lord. As for us, what are we, 19 that you should murmur against us?”
8 Moses said, “You will know this 20 when the Lord gives you 21 meat to eat in the evening and bread in the morning to satisfy you, because the Lord has heard your murmurings that you are murmuring against him. As for us, what are we? 22 Your murmurings are not against us, 23 but against the Lord.”
9 Then Moses said to Aaron, “Tell the whole community 24 of the Israelites, ‘Come 25 before the Lord, because he has heard your murmurings.’”
10 As Aaron spoke 26 to the whole community of the Israelites and they looked toward the desert, there the glory of the Lord 27 appeared 28 in the cloud, 11 and the Lord spoke to Moses: 12 “I have heard the murmurings of the Israelites. Tell them, ‘During the evening 29 you will eat meat, 30 and in the morning you will be satisfied 31 with bread, so that you may know 32 that I am the Lord your God.’” 33
13 In the evening the quail 34 came up and covered the camp, and in the morning a layer of dew was all around the camp. 14 When 35 the layer of dew had evaporated, 36 there on the surface of the desert was a thin flaky substance, 37 thin like frost on the earth. 15 When 38 the Israelites saw it, they said to one another, 39 “What is it?” because they did not know what it was. 40 Moses said to them, “It is the bread 41 that the Lord has given you for food. 42
16 “This is what 43 the Lord has commanded: 44 ‘Each person is to gather 45 from it what he can eat, an omer 46 per person 47 according to the number 48 of your people; 49 each one will pick it up 50 for whoever lives 51 in his tent.’” 17 The Israelites did so, and they gathered – some more, some less. 18 When 52 they measured with an omer, the one who gathered much had nothing left over, and the one who gathered little lacked nothing; each one had gathered what he could eat.
19 Moses said to them, “No one 53 is to keep any of it 54 until morning.” 20 But they did not listen to Moses; some 55 kept part of it until morning, and it was full 56 of worms and began to stink, and Moses was angry with them. 21 So they gathered it each morning, 57 each person according to what he could eat, and when the sun got hot, it would melt. 58 22 And 59 on the sixth day they gathered twice as much food, two omers 60 per person; 61 and all the leaders 62 of the community 63 came and told 64 Moses. 23 He said to them, “This is what the Lord has said: ‘Tomorrow is a time of cessation from work, 65 a holy Sabbath 66 to the Lord. Whatever you want to 67 bake, bake today; 68 whatever you want to boil, boil today; whatever is left put aside for yourselves to be kept until morning.’”
24 So they put it aside until the morning, just as Moses had commanded, and it did not stink, nor were there any worms in it. 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a Sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the area. 69 26 Six days you will gather it, but on the seventh day, the Sabbath, there will not be any.”
27 On the seventh day some of the people went out to gather it, but they found nothing. 28 So the Lord said to Moses, “How long do you refuse 70 to obey my commandments and my instructions? 29 See, because the Lord has given you the Sabbath, that is why 71 he is giving you food for two days on the sixth day. Each of you stay where you are; 72 let no one 73 go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.
31 The house of Israel 74 called its name “manna.” 75 It was like coriander seed and was white, and it tasted 76 like wafers with honey.
32 Moses said, “This is what 77 the Lord has commanded: ‘Fill an omer with it to be kept 78 for generations to come, 79 so that they may see 80 the food I fed you in the desert when I brought you out from the land of Egypt.’” 33 Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar and put in it an omer full of manna, and place it before the Lord to be kept for generations to come.” 34 Just as the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the Testimony 81 for safekeeping. 82
35 Now the Israelites ate manna forty years, until they came to a land that was inhabited; they ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan. 36 (Now an omer is one tenth of an ephah.) 83