The Burials of Jacob and Joseph
50 Then Joseph hugged his father’s face. 1 He wept over him and kissed him. 2 Joseph instructed the physicians in his service 2 to embalm his father, so the physicians embalmed Israel. 3 They took forty days, for that is the full time needed for embalming. 3 The Egyptians mourned 4 for him seventy days. 5
4 When the days of mourning 6 had passed, Joseph said to Pharaoh’s royal court, 7 “If I have found favor in your sight, please say to Pharaoh, 8 5 ‘My father made me swear an oath. He said, 9 “I am about to die. Bury me 10 in my tomb that I dug for myself there in the land of Canaan.” Now let me go and bury my father; then I will return.’” 6 So Pharaoh said, “Go and bury your father, just as he made you swear to do.” 11
7 So Joseph went up to bury his father; all Pharaoh’s officials went with him – the senior courtiers 12 of his household, all the senior officials of the land of Egypt, 8 all Joseph’s household, his brothers, and his father’s household. But they left their little children and their flocks and herds in the land of Goshen. 9 Chariots and horsemen also went up with him, so it was a very large entourage. 13
10 When they came to the threshing floor of Atad 14 on the other side of the Jordan, they mourned there with very great and bitter sorrow. 15 There Joseph observed a seven day period of mourning for his father. 11 When the Canaanites who lived in the land saw them mourning at the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a very sad occasion 16 for the Egyptians.” That is why its name was called 17 Abel Mizraim, 18 which is beyond the Jordan.
12 So the sons of Jacob did for him just as he had instructed them. 13 His sons carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, near Mamre. This is the field Abraham purchased as a burial plot from Ephron the Hittite. 14 After he buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, along with his brothers and all who had accompanied him to bury his father.
15 When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “What if Joseph bears a grudge and wants to repay 19 us in full 20 for all the harm 21 we did to him?” 16 So they sent word 22 to Joseph, saying, “Your father gave these instructions before he died: 17 ‘Tell Joseph this: Please forgive the sin of your brothers and the wrong they did when they treated you so badly.’ Now please forgive the sin of the servants of the God of your father.” When this message was reported to him, Joseph wept. 23 18 Then his brothers also came and threw themselves down before him; they said, “Here we are; we are your slaves.” 19 But Joseph answered them, “Don’t be afraid. Am 24 I in the place of God? 20 As for you, you meant to harm me, 25 but God intended it for a good purpose, so he could preserve the lives of many people, as you can see this day. 26 21 So now, don’t be afraid. I will provide for you and your little children.” Then he consoled them and spoke kindly 27 to them.
22 Joseph lived in Egypt, along with his father’s family. 28 Joseph lived 110 years. 23 Joseph saw the descendants of Ephraim to the third generation. 29 He also saw the children of Makir the son of Manasseh; they were given special inheritance rights by Joseph. 30
24 Then Joseph said to his brothers, “I am about to die. But God will surely come to you 31 and lead you up from this land to the land he swore on oath to give 32 to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.” 25 Joseph made the sons of Israel swear an oath. He said, “God will surely come to you. Then you must carry my bones up from this place.” 26 So Joseph died at the age of 110. 33 After they embalmed him, his body 34 was placed in a coffin in Egypt.
Blessing during Bondage in Egypt 1
1 These 2 are the names 3 of the sons of Israel 4 who entered Egypt – each man with his household 5 entered with Jacob: 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 4 Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. 5 All the people 6 who were directly descended 7 from Jacob numbered seventy. 8 But Joseph was already in Egypt, 9 6 and in time 10 Joseph 11 and his brothers and all that generation died. 7 The Israelites, 12 however, 13 were fruitful, increased greatly, multiplied, and became extremely strong, 14 so that the land was filled with them.
8 Then a new king, 15 who did not know about 16 Joseph, came to power 17 over Egypt. 9 He said 18 to his people, “Look at 19 the Israelite people, more numerous and stronger than we are! 10 Come, let’s deal wisely 20 with them. Otherwise 21 they will continue to multiply, 22 and if 23 a war breaks out, they will ally themselves with 24 our enemies and fight against us and leave 25 the country.”
11 So they put foremen 26 over the Israelites 27 to oppress 28 them with hard labor. As a result 29 they built Pithom and Rameses 30 as store cities for Pharaoh. 12 But the more the Egyptians 31 oppressed them, the more they multiplied and spread. 32 As a result the Egyptians loathed 33 the Israelites, 13 and they 34 made the Israelites serve rigorously. 35 14 They made their lives bitter 36 by 37 hard service with mortar and bricks and by all kinds of service 38 in the fields. Every kind of service the Israelites were required to give was rigorous. 39
15 The king of Egypt said 40 to the Hebrew midwives, 41 one of whom was named Shiphrah and the other Puah, 42 16 43 “When you assist 44 the Hebrew women in childbirth, observe at the delivery: 45 If it is a son, kill him, 46 but if it is a daughter, she may live.” 47 17 But 48 the midwives feared God and did not do what the king of Egypt had told them; they let the boys live. 49
18 Then the king of Egypt summoned 50 the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this and let the boys live?” 51 19 The midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew 52 women are not like the Egyptian women – for the Hebrew women 53 are vigorous; they give birth before the midwife gets to them!” 54 20 So God treated the midwives well, 55 and the people multiplied and became very strong. 21 And because the midwives feared God, he made 56 households 57 for them.
22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, “All sons 58 that are born you must throw 59 into the river, but all daughters you may let live.” 60
The Birth of the Deliverer 1
2 A man from the household 2 of Levi married 3 a woman who was a descendant of Levi. 4 2 The woman became pregnant 5 and gave birth to a son. When 6 she saw that 7 he was a healthy 8 child, she hid him for three months. 3 But when she was no longer able to hide him, she took a papyrus basket 9 for him and sealed it with bitumen and pitch. She put the child in it and set it among the reeds along the edge of the Nile. 10 4 His sister stationed herself 11 at a distance to find out 12 what would 13 happen to him.
5 Then the daughter of Pharaoh 14 came down to wash herself 15 by the Nile, while her attendants were walking alongside the river, 16 and she saw the basket among the reeds. She sent one of her attendants, 17 took it, 18 6 opened it, 19 and saw the child 20 – a boy, 21 crying! 22 – and she felt compassion 23 for him and said, “This is one of the Hebrews’ children.”
7 Then his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter, “Shall I go and get 24 a nursing woman 25 for you from the Hebrews, so that she may nurse 26 the child for you?” 8 Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Yes, do so.” 27 So the young girl 28 went and got 29 the child’s mother. 30 9 Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Take this child 31 and nurse him for me, and I will pay your 32 wages.” So the woman took the child and nursed him.
10 When the child grew older 33 she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. 34 She named him Moses, saying, “Because I drew him from the water.” 35
The Presumption of the Deliverer 36
11 In those days, 37 when 38 Moses had grown up, he went out to his people 39 and observed 40 their hard labor, and he saw an Egyptian man attacking 41 a Hebrew man, one of his own people. 42 12 He looked this way and that 43 and saw that no one was there, 44 and then he attacked 45 the Egyptian and concealed the body 46 in the sand. 13 When he went out 47 the next day, 48 there were 49 two Hebrew men fighting. So he said to the one who was in the wrong, 50 “Why are you attacking 51 your fellow Hebrew?” 52
14 The man 53 replied, “Who made you a ruler 54 and a judge over us? Are you planning 55 to kill me like you killed that 56 Egyptian?” Then Moses was afraid, thinking, 57 “Surely what I did 58 has become known.” 15 When Pharaoh heard 59 about this event, 60 he sought to kill Moses. So Moses fled 61 from Pharaoh and settled in the land of Midian, 62 and he settled 63 by a certain well. 64
16 Now a priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came and began to draw 65 water 66 and fill 67 the troughs in order to water their father’s flock. 17 When some 68 shepherds came and drove them away, 69 Moses came up and defended them 70 and then watered their flock. 18 So when they came home 71 to their father Reuel, 72 he asked, “Why have you come home so early 73 today?” 19 They said, “An Egyptian man rescued us 74 from the shepherds, 75 and he actually 76 drew water for us and watered the flock!” 20 He said 77 to his daughters, “So where is he? 78 Why in the world 79 did you leave the man? Call him, so that he may eat 80 a meal 81 with us.”
21 Moses agreed 82 to stay with the man, and he gave his daughter Zipporah to Moses in marriage. 83 22 When she bore 84 a son, Moses 85 named him Gershom, for he said, “I have become a resident foreigner in a foreign land.” 86
The Call of the Deliverer 87
23 During 88 that long period of time 89 the king of Egypt died, and the Israelites 90 groaned because of the slave labor. They cried out, and their desperate cry 91 because of their slave labor went up to God. 24 God heard their groaning, 92 God remembered 93 his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob, 25 God saw 94 the Israelites, and God understood…. 95